Cannabis in India A man smoking cannabis in Kolkata, India.
Drugs in the Old West Cocaine One of the oldest, most potent and most dangerous stimulants of natural origin, the Coca leaf has been used since BC. The ancient Inca chewed coca leaves to get their hearts racing and to speed their breathing to counter the effects of living in thin mountain air.
The Peruvians chewed coca leaves during religious ceremonies and used it as a local anesthetic to dull pain on an open wound.
Ina French chemist by the name of Angelo Mariani made a fortune selling a new beverage called Vin Mariani that was made from coca leaves. Advertised as fortifying and refreshing the body and restoring health and vitality, it was regarded as a wonder medicine for a variety of ailments.
Two glasses of drink were believed to contain about 50 milligrams of pure cocaine. Cocaine Toothache Drops But, it would not be until the s that cocaine started to be popularized in the medical community.
Theodor Aschenbrandt, a German army physician, issued a supply of pure cocaine to Bavarian soldiers during maneuvers. This got the attention of the medical community as well as others. One such man was Austrian psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud, who used the drug himself, was the first to broadly promote cocaine as a tonic to cure depression and sexual impotence.
Before long, cocaine was found in a number of patent medicines and cocaine lozenges were recommended as effective remedies for coughs, colds and toothaches. Doctors and pharmacists often prescribed it for treatment of indigestion, melancholia, pain, and even relieving vomiting in pregnancy.
Cocaine was widely available and could be purchased over the counter. It was used in cough medicines, enemas, and poultices.
Bycocaine was sold in various forms — cigarettes, powder, even injection by needle. In medicine, it was commonly used as a local anesthetic. Coca-Cola once contained an estimated nine milligrams of cocaine per glass. Inthe cocaine was removed. There, it was considered a legitimate medication.
Ancient Greeks and Romans were also familiar with cannabis, while in the Middle East, use spread throughout the Islamic empire to North Africa. In cannabis spread to the western hemisphere where Spaniards imported it to Chile for its use as fiber.
In North America cannabis, in the form of hemp, was also introduced by the Spanish and later grown on many plantations for use in rope, clothing and paper. During colonial days, the plant became a staple crop for farmers, who reportedly grew it for its fiber.
Along with tobacco, hemp became a major export crop before the American Revolution.
The settlers of Jamestown, Virginia brought the plant to the states inalso cultivating it for its fiber.In , a French chemist by the name of Angelo Mariani made a fortune selling a new beverage called Vin Mariani that was made from coca leaves.
Advertised as fortifying and refreshing the body and restoring health and vitality, it was regarded as a wonder medicine for a variety of ailments. Drug Trends Prior to Drug abuse has plagued the American continent since the s, when morphine, heroin and cocaine were hailed for .
An entheogen is a class of psychoactive substances that induce any type of spiritual experience aimed at development. The term entheogen is often chosen to contrast recreational use of the same drugs.
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Program bringing high schoolers to Israel blames demise on apathy, Birthright Umbrella group Lapid Israel, which failed to garner enough donations or support, says longer trips at younger ages are.