The patient cases presented in Psychotherapy Rounds are composite cases written to illustrate certain diagnostic characteristics and to instruct on treatment techniques. These composite cases are not real patients in treatment. Any resemblance to a real patient is purely coincidental. Copyright notice Abstract Deployments in the United States military have increased greatly in the past 10 years.
While the conflicts have long since faded from the headlines, service members and their families may continue to feel the effects of deployment after it has ended, and not only when a veteran returns with a permanent physical disability or severe psychological trauma. That conclusion is somewhat surprising in light of prior research linking deployment to problems like a higher risk of divorce and negative behavior among children.
Methodological differences between earlier work and the new Deployment Life Study DLS suggest that the findings of the latter may be more accurate. For instance, the DLS research team—led by Terri Tanielian, Benjamin Karney, and Sarah Meadows—surveyed close to 3, married couples in different branches of the military, and it measured their outcomes every four months over the course of three years.
Not only service members but also their spouses and sometimes a child if there one in the household between ages 11 and 17 responded to questions separately. Though all participating service members were eligible for deployment within six to 12 months of the baseline interview, some were not deployed at all during the three-year research period, which provided a well-matched comparison group for the families who did experience deployment.
To say that deployment may have fewer long-term effects than generally believed is not to say that the experience is easy. While service members were deployed, they were more likely to show symptoms of depression, and their spouses suffered elevated symptoms of depression, anxiety, and PTSD. Presumably due to the stress of solo parenting, spouses also exhibited a decline in parenting satisfaction over the deployment cycle.
Similarly, when a service member suffered a physical injury during deployment, spouses displayed lasting increases in these symptoms of mental illness and in rates of binge drinking.
In contrast with overall mental health, marital satisfaction declined significantly over the three-year study among both couples who went through a deployment and those who did not. Divorce and separation among respondents were too rare to be analyzed with confidence.
By most measures, children and teens were not significantly affected by deployment on average, either. The exceptions were that in families who experienced deployment, children under 11 showed according to their non-deployed parent worse emotional conduct, more peer problems, and greater need for mental health services than their counterparts in non-deployed families.
Though older children and teens in deployed families did not display more behavioral problems, they reported poorer family cohesion and lower relationship quality with their non-deployed parent than teens in non-deployed families. Teens in families experiencing deployment also reported a drop in relationship quality with their deployed parent once the parent had returned.
There were a few domains in which deployment was actually linked to positive outcomes.
Despite its methodological strengths, the Deployment Life Study does have a few shortcomings. The authors emphasize that because data collection began inyears after the start of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, most of the married couples eligible for the study had already experienced at least one deployment.
In addition, levels of military conflict were winding down during the study period, so deployments were shorter and rates of injury and death among service members were lower than they were several years before. First-time deployments, lengthy deployments, and deployments in more dangerous conditions may put more stress on families than the average deployment captured in this study.
Even taking this into consideration, the authors were pleasantly surprised by their findings.KEYWORDS: Military personnel, veterans, deployment, longitudinal study, mental health. Introduction. Negative effects of deployment on the mental health of Gulf War veterans have been identified in many studies.
military has sent an astonishing million service members to Iraq and Afghanistan since While the conflicts have long since faded from the headlines, service members and their families may continue to feel the effects of deployment after it has ended, and not only when a veteran returns with a permanent physical disability or severe psychological trauma.
THE EFFECTS OF MILITARY DEPLOYMENT ON CHILDREN'S HEALTH AND WELL-BEING By Amy Jane Davis A project paper submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of.
Military Deployment and the Effects on its Soldiers Recent wars in Afghanistan, Iraq, Korea, and other locations throughout the world have resulted in the most sustained military combat operations since the . Explore the deployment experiences of military families with young children and identify strategies that promote attachment during deployment.
Design: mixed methods. Variables: qualitative interviews focused on preparing children for deployment, communication during deployment, and reintegration experiences and preparation.
The effects of military rank, child gender, child age, and race or ethnic background did not reach statistical significance.
Conclusion: Families in this study experiencing deployment identified one-third of military children at “high risk” for psychosocial morbidity.