Halflings are nimble and strong-willed, but their small stature makes them weaker than other races.
Abstract The purpose of this investigation was to examine the influence of subjective word familiarity on word retrieval ability and responsiveness to short, intensive aphasia treatment.
Each treatment focused on retrieval of familiar and unfamiliar words based on participant self-rating.
There has been limited research relative to the influence of subjective familiarity on word retrieval. Furthermore, no studies to date have examined the effect of familiarity on treatments targeting improved word retrieval of individuals with aphasia.
Additional information is needed relative to the factors that influence word retrieval as well as how these factors affect an individual's response to treatment. As individuals with aphasia have been observed to respond differently to treatment, it is valuable to examine the variables that may motivate change, such as subjective familiarity.
Both accuracy and reaction time measurements were obtained for all stimuli at baseline and at the beginning of each day of treatment during SFA and PCA treatment protocols for each participant. Probe stimuli were presented throughout each treatment protocol to examine generalization.
Subjective familiarity of stimuli influenced word retrieval relative to accuracy and reaction time for two of the four participants. Specifically, treatment effectiveness was significantly evident for three of four participants for SFA whereas one participant demonstrated significant changes after PCA treatment.
Generalization to untreated stimuli was minimal; only one participant demonstrated significant changes relative to improvement from treatment. Relationship between accuracy and reaction time was observed for one participant relative to familiarity. Specifically, JD demonstrated a direct relationship between accuracy and RT for familiarity with increased accuracy and faster retrieval for familiar stimuli at baseline.
However, JD showed an inverse relationship between speed and accuracy for familiar stimuli after both treatment approaches.
Two participants RR, RM demonstrated a direct relationship between accuracy and RT relative to treatment with increased accuracy and faster retrieval after SFA treatment.
IC exhibited a speed-accuracy of retrieval trade-off with increased accuracy accompanied by slower retrieval, specific to SFA treatment. Further understanding of these variables in treatment of word retrieval is needed to determine effectiveness of specific treatments.
Overall, the present findings suggest that subjective familiarity may influence word retrieval skills relative to accuracy and reaction time for some individuals with aphasia.
Furthermore, intensive SFA or PCA treatment can yield improvement in word retrieval skills and may result in standardized aphasia test performance in participants with aphasia, regardless of severity, chronicity, or basis of retrieval impairment.In the previous two sections, the effect of the preceding sound’s word familiarity on word intelligibility was discussed, but the effects of overlapping high- and low-familiarity words were ignored.
The results showed that the intelligibility of high-familiarity words is higher than that of low-familiarity words. Learn the six types of syllables found in English orthography, why it's important to teach syllables, and the sequence in which students learn about both spoken and written syllables.
The mere-exposure effect is a psychological phenomenon by which people tend to develop a preference for things merely because they are familiar with them. In social psychology, this effect is sometimes called the familiarity principle.
|The Bible and the Catholic Church, by Greg Youell||For permission to use where not already granted under a licence please go to http:|
|My Account||Advanced Search Abstract There is little evidence that readability formula outcomes relate to text understanding.|
 CHAPTER IV. The superstition of the heathen about the element of fier, and how it grew in such reverence among them, of their corruptions, and that they had some inkling of the godlie fathers dooings in that behalfe.
profound - Translation to Spanish, pronunciation, and forum discussions.
Advances in Consumer Research Volume 13, Pages BRAND FAMILIARITY AND ADVERTISING: EFFECTS ON THE EVOKED SET AND BRAND PREFERENCE. William Baker, University of Florida. J.
Wesley Hutchinson, University of Florida. Danny Moore, Burke Marketing Services, Inc.. Prakash Nedungadi, University of Toronto. INTRODUCTION.