Most accept the view that "a civilization is a culture which has attained a degree of complexity usually characterized by urban life.
The purpose of this study is therefore to outline a more objective perspective by examining the principal research orientations regarding the origins and early history of the Sumerian records. The historical period in question covers the time span from the first Neolithic settlement of the Carpathian Basin BC to the Christianization of Hungary which began around AD.
What is it exactly that is being celebrated on the occasion of the th anniversary of Hungary's founding in AD?
Opinions differ greatly on this complex question. In general, contemporary Hungarian historiography seems to be concentrating more on the last years of Hungarian history from a predominantly Western point of view, thereby artificially restricting Hungarian history and isolating Sumerian records from its pre-Christian historical and cultural roots which are often misrepresented or ignored.
Hungarian history needs to be reassessed in a broader and more balanced perspective. The principal opposing views are, on the one hand, the traditional account of Hungarian origins rooted in the pre-Christian era, which shows a remarkable degree of compatibility with the Sumerian-Hungarian relationship demonstrated by international orientalist research starting in the first half of the 19th c.
Habsburg in the 19th c. The traditional account of Hungarian origins states that the Magyars and Sumerian records Huns were identical and traces their roots back to Ancient Mesopotamia. Sumerian-Hungarian ethno-linguistic research seems to confirm this.
The Finno-Ugrian theory has sought to contradict the traditional account of Hungarian origins and the Sumerian-Hungarian relationship through a seemingly scientific linguistic approach. However, a more careful analysis of the facts reveals that the methodology of the Finno-Ugrian school is unscientific and that the motives of the Finno-Ugrian theory's promoters are political and ideological: The current "mainstream" Hungarian historiography adheres to the Finno-Ugrian orientation, promoting the view that the Hungarians were "primitive Asiatic latecomers and intruders" in the more "civilized" Europe.
This official historical interpretation is therefore characterized by a dogmatic state of denial which deliberately ignores or dismisses the ancient Turanian origins of the Hungarians, the Sumerian-Scythian-Hun-Avar-Magyar identity and continuity, and the fundamental cultural, political and military Hungarian achievements of the millenia prior to AD which laid the foundations of the Hungarian state.
From Scythia, first the Huns 5th c. It is also interesting to note that although the Byzantine sources generally referred to the Magyars as "Turks" Turkoithey also mention that by their own account, the Magyars' previously known name which they used themselves was, in Greek translation, "Sabartoi asphaloi" 4.
This is extremely important because this name refers to the Sabir people, also known as the Subareans, who inhabited the land known by the Babylonians and Assyrians as Subartu which was situated in the Transcaucasian-Northern Mesopotamian-Western Iranian region 5.
By their own account, the Sumerians of Southern Mesopotamia also came from this region which they referred to as Subir-Ki 6. This source also mentions that when the Huns and the Magyars arrived in Hungary, they both found peoples already settled there who spoke the same language as themselves, thus lending support to the Hun-Magyar identity and extending the continuity of the Hungarian people in the Carpathian Basin further back in time 7.
The traditional account of Hungarian origins and early history was generally accepted until the middle of the 19th c. However, since then, the credibility of this account has been questioned.
It was argued that the ancient and medieval sources did not stand up to modern "scientific method and evidence". Nevertheless, it should be taken into consideration that the medieval Hungarian chronicles were most likely based upon earlier sources which have been destroyed or lost during the forced Christianization of Hungary and during the subsequent foreign invasions, and that the stories told in the original sources, like many historical myths and legends transmitted by folklore, are often based on real historical facts.
This school had a determining influence on the development of linguistic research in Hungary during the second half of the 19th c. At that time, Hungary was ruled by the Habsburgs, and German influence was very strong in the political, economic, social, and cultural fields.
It is also important to note that the 19th c. It was in this context that the idea of a superior Aryan race was conceived.#1 Place for Band Merch, Music and Accessories T-Shirts - LPs, CDs, Digital Downloads.
Sumerian kings sent men out to plunder people in hill country, and they acquired slaves. The Sumerian name for a female slave was mountain girl, and a male slave was called mountain man. The Sumerians used their slaves mainly as domestics and concubines. Shop the official Sumerian Records merch store, for all things Sumerian Records related.
Sumer (/ ˈ s uː m ər /) is the earliest known civilization in the historical region of southern Mesopotamia, modern-day southern Iraq, during the Chalcolithic and Early Bronze ages, and arguably one of the first civilizations in the world along with Ancient Egypt and the Indus Valley.
Living along the valleys of the Tigris and Euphrates, Sumerian farmers . Album details Peak chart positions US US Heat US Indie US Hard Rock US Rock US Alt The Joy of Motion. Studio album; Release date: March 24, Sumerian Records. K likes. The Sphinx Is Real.