Slavery in the civil war

The slave market in Atlanta, Georgia, Library of Congress When the North American continent was first colonized by Europeans, the land was vast, the work was harsh, and there was a severe shortage of labor. Men and women were needed to work the land.

Slavery in the civil war

Facts About the Slavery During the Civil War That are a Must-read The Civil War is known as the bloodiest war in the history of America, and any discussion on this subject will not be complete without the mention of slavery.

The period of Reconstruction started soon after, and there was a significant change in the lives of the slaves in the South. It would be wrong to say that after the end of the Civil War, the slaves were treated as equals, but their condition changed from being slave laborers to free laborers.

Historyplex Staff Last Updated: Feb 17, The history of slavery in America dates back to the seventeenth century when slaves were brought to Virginia in The era of slavery in US can be broadly divided into three sections, The Antebellum Slavery during the Civil War The Reconstruction We will be focusing our attention on the lives of slaves during the Civil War - a war many believe was fought for their emancipation.

But before we get an insight into this subject, it is important to know in brief the events that led to the Civil War. South, on the other hand, depended on slaves heavily for their work. The plantations of indigo, tobacco, rice, and cotton after the invention of cotton gin required hard labor and the slaves were made to work for long hours so that profit was maximized.

Lincoln’s Early Views on Slavery

However, the southern states none of which had voted for Abraham Lincoln believed that the election of Abraham Lincoln was detrimental to their economy, and hence, there was no other option than secession. Other southern states which had considerable stake in the slave labor soon followed suit and seceded from the Union.

These states came to be known as the Confederate States. This prompted Abraham Lincoln to call 75, volunteers to help the Union in fighting the Confederate States. As the skirmish was heading to become a full-fledged war, four more southern states seceded and joined the Confederacy.

Contraband of War Slaves who ran away from their masters during the onset of Civil War found sanctuary in the Union border lines, but as per the Fugitive Slave Act, the escaped slaves had to be returned to their masters.

Slavery in the civil war

However, in Union controlled Virginia, General Benjamin Butler came up with a strategy that earned him the title of "Beast Butler" among the southerners.

General Butler declared escaped slaves as "contraband of war", and it rendered the Fugitive Slave Act ineffective. This encouraged thousands of slaves to cross over to the Union side with the assurance that they will be not returned to their masters.

Slavery in the United States - Wikipedia

Slaves in the Confederacy In the south, the army took slaves with them to the frontline to do menial works like washing, cooking, digging etc. The idea was that by using the slaves for these chores, the army would be able to use more white men as soldiers.

However, this move boomeranged badly as not only did the soldiers escape on the first opportunity, but they also provided intelligence inputs to the Union army. As the Union army 6 million easily outnumbered the Confederacy 2 millionthere was a desperate need for the south to push more men in the war.

Still hesitating to arm slaves, the responsibility fell on the laymen of the south who worked in industries and factories. These people neither owned any slaves nor had any interests in the institution, but they joined the war because they inherently believed that the North must be defeated in order to ensure that their southern way of life is not hindered.

Slaves Join War Because of the influx of working white men in the Confederate army, there was a shortage of laborers in the industries and factories. To counter this, the owners decided to allow the slaves to fill in for the whites.

In the final days of the Civil War, the Confederates, who had always thought of slaves as inferior, contemplated allowing them to join the army and fight against the Union.

However, before any progress could be made on this, the Confederates lost the war. Slave Started To Revolt Although life was much difficult for slaves on the frontline, the condition of bondsmen on plantations was not good either.

The war had caused a shortage in the supply of food, and slaves were the first to face the brunt of this deprivation. One thing that had changed on the plantation was that the slaves had started to rebel, albeit in a different way.

The slaves slowed down their pace of working as there was a shortage of supervisors on the fields. With a majority of white men fighting a fratricidal war on the borders, it was left to white women and elderly to rein in the slaves.

But, their attempts at disciplining the soldiers turned futile and many slaves refused to obey their orders. Difficulty For Lincoln The problem for Lincoln was that he had not foreseen the emergence of such a large number of escaped slaves.

The Union army, though sophisticated in its war-effort, lacked the skills to deal with the burgeoning number of slaves. The slaves were provided with food and shelter, but their life was similar if not worse as it was in the Southern states. They had to perform the same tasks like digging latrines, building fortifications, laundry etc.Slavery by Another Name: The Re-Enslavement of Black Americans from the Civil War to World War II [Douglas A.

Major Battles of the Civil War

Blackmon] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. In this groundbreaking historical exposé, Douglas A.

Blackmon brings to light one of the most shameful chapters in American history—an “Age of Neoslavery” that thrived from the aftermath of the Civil War through the.

Slavery and the Civil War National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior The role of slavery in bringing on the Civil War has been hotly debated for decades. he American Civil War was the greatest war in American history. 3 million fought - , paid the ultimate price for freedom.

Slavery in the United States | American Battlefield Trust

And a war for freedom it was. The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war (although a Declaration of War was never issued by either the United States Congress, nor the Congress of the Confederate States) fought in the United States from to As a result of the long-standing controversy over slavery, war broke out in April , when Confederate forces attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina.

Facts, information and articles about Slavery In America, one of the causes of the civil war Slavery In America summary: Slavery in America began in the early 17th Century and continued to be practiced for the next years by the colonies and states.

Slaves, mostly from Africa, worked in the production of tobacco crops . The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States (U.S.) from to The Civil War is the most studied and written about episode in U.S.

history. Largely as a result of the long-standing controversy over the enslavement of black people, war broke out in April , when secessionist forces attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina, shortly after.

Slavery In The Civil War Era