In general, AP English Language and Composition test questions tend to fall into just a few categories.
By becoming familiar with these areas, you can more quickly understand what you're being asked. Also, you'll be more comfortable with the test format and able to work faster. As with all testing strategies, it is essential to practice recognizing the question types before the test.
The ACT test is a curriculum-based education and career planning tool for high school students that assesses the mastery of college readiness standards. The AP English Language section contains three essay prompts: a synthesis essay, a rhetorical analysis essay, and an argument essay. Synthesis essay: You’ll be given a scenario and tasked with writing a response using at least three of six or seven short accompanying sources for support. The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue.
A brief analysis of these questions types follows. Questions about Rhetoric Most of the questions on the test are of this type and test your ability to understand how language works in each passage.
These questions ask you to analyze the syntax sentence structure and word orderdiction word choicepoint of view, and figurative language and its effects. Your mere recognition of these elements is not enough; you must be able to understand precisely how and why the devices of rhetoric produce particular effects.
Here are some of the ways this question type may be worded on the test: The shift in point of view has the effect of. The second sentence is unified by metaphorical references to. Questions about the Author's Meaning and Purpose These question types also appear frequently on the test. They measure your ability to interpret the author's theme, meaning, or purpose.
As with the rhetorical questions, these questions are closely tied to specific word choices; however, now you must determine why the author chooses the wording, not what effect it produces.
These questions demonstrate the understanding of the author's thematic reason for choosing certain phrases.
Here are some of the ways this question type may be worded: Which of the following best describes the author's purpose in the last sentence? Questions about the Main Idea These questions also appear quite frequently; they test your understanding of the author's ideas, attitude, and tone.
To prepare for these questions, paraphrase everything that you read. First, make yourself practice this skill in writing-literally write down an author's point in a sentence or two. After such practice, you'll be able to do it internally while you read, and you'll have greater comprehension.
Here are some of the ways these questions may be worded: The theme of the second paragraph is. The speaker's attitude is best described as one of. The atmosphere is one of.
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Questions about Organization and Structure Appearing less frequently than the first three question types, these questions test your ability to perceive how the passage is organized.
Other passages may be organized around descriptive statements that then lead to a generalization. These methods are just a few of the ones an author may use to organize ideas. You also need to understand how the structure of the passage works. For example, you must know how one paragraph relates to another paragraph or how a single sentence works within a paragraph.
The type of argument employed by the author is most similar to which of the following?
Questions about Rhetorical Modes You should expect only a few questions of this type on the test. These questions ask you to identify and recognize the various rhetorical modes that authors use. You must know the difference between narration, description, argumentation, and exposition.
Understanding why a particular mode is effective for the author's ideas is also helpful.
The pattern of exposition exemplified in the passage can best be described as. The author's use of description is appropriate because. Which of the following best describes the author's method?
Because the author uses expository format, he is able to. The speaker's rhetorical strategy is to. Other Possibilities Be aware that these question types do not constitute a complete list.The AP English Language section contains three essay prompts: a synthesis essay, a rhetorical analysis essay, and an argument essay.
Synthesis essay: You’ll be given a scenario and tasked with writing a response using at least three of six or seven short accompanying sources for support.
Exam Overview. The AP English Language and Composition Exam includes multiple-choice and free-response questions that test essential skills covered in the course curriculum.
The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue.
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Larry Krieger earned his B.A. and M.A.T. from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and his M.A. from Wake Forest University. In a career spanning more than 40 years, Mr. Krieger taught a variety of AP® subjects including U.S. History, World History, European History, . Automatic works cited and bibliography formatting for MLA, APA and Chicago/Turabian citation styles.
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