All PBIS practices are founded on the assumption and belief that all children can exhibit appropriate behavior. As a result, it is our responsibility to identify the contextual setting events and environmental conditions that enable exhibition of appropriate behavior.
Typical theories within this category are of the Great Man and Trait Theories.
In contrast to the previous notion that leaders were born, behavioural theories represent the second of the key leadership theories and counters the argument by proposing that good leadership is about focusing on actions not on mental qualities or internal states, which trait theory suggested.
This theory states that leaders can be taught and learn leadership through teaching and observation. Should you lead a team, encouraging them team work and decision making or should you simply tell the team what to do? These key questions stem from the original main leadership style of Lewelin, who suggested that a leader could be one of three types: Autocratic — Involving others and team decision making Democratic — Telling people what to do Laissez faire — Totally hands off and letting the team get on with things It now transpires that in modern thinking, each leadership style is important, but rather than a person fitting into a pigeon hole of being one of the three types, a good leader uses each style, opting to select the right approach to suit the situation.
Which leads us nicely onto Contingent theories… 3. The realisation here is that leaders should not be pigeon holed into one leadership type. A great manager changes their style to suit the needs of the individual and the team.
Contingency theories attempt to depict certain styles to use in certain situations. For example, if something is urgent and needs completion right away, what style should you use?
If a person needs more time to learn their task, how do you manage them? Should a leader be more people or tasks orientated, and so on and so forth? Well known contingency leadership styles are from Situational Leadership Theorywhich links leadership style with the task maturity of the individual or followers.
Power — Influencing others through Power and Authority Power theories are about influencing people through the concept of power and authority and how managers can influence people to get the job done. There are effectively, two different angles here.
The first is via the Transactional Leadership style, which suggests that people should be given clear direction and managed through rewards and punishments.
This style is about focusing on developing tasks and creating structures that can provide the reward for meeting those tasks. When the employee meets this target, they get rewarded.
Consequently, if they do not achieve their targets and are under performing, they get punished as a result. Obviously, punishment and reward can come in a number of different guises, but the principle of transactional style is the same. You often see this style in the form of pay rises as a result of a good yearly appraisal, or a bonus for hitting objectives.
The flaw here is that people can sometimes feel stifled and micro managed, with morale and motivation often faling victim, if it is used in excess. The point is, it should be used in conjunction with other styles for maximum results. It highlights different elements of power and how a leader can influence people through the use of them.
There are effectively three types of positional power legitimate, coercive and rewards and two type so personal power charm and appeal.
It suggests that using personal power is the most effective way, as this builds relationships and inspires the team to commit and share the common goals. It also appeases to good leadership ethics and characteristics.
In addition, successful influence tactics can help guide people to task completion and success by utilising the science behind human and social psychology. Summary Ultimately, a successful leader should use all of the key leadership theories available; the leader must act with virtue, leading by example and with integrity.
The use of the softer side of leadership is also essential, like being able to effectively influence individuals and teams, and communicate effectivelyusing empathy, high level of emotional intelligenceand good decision making skills.
So too, a leader must be able to understand when and how to identify situations in order to use the correct leadership style to suit the situation. The leader must effectively use power in a positive way that promotes success, growth and development. The vital thing to remember is to learn the key leadership theories and take the positives from each one, using them when the situation dictates.School-wide Evaluation Tool Implementation Manual.
The SET Implementation Manual was developed to provide guidance and technical assistance to those who would like to use the School-wide Evaluation Tool (SET) to assess a school’s fidelity of implementation of school-wide positive behavior support. Sep 08, · Situational Leadership Theory includes four different leadership styles: telling, selling, participating and delegating.
The telling style requires the leader to direct what subordinates are to do. Peter Kent is the Deputy Principal at Richardson Primary in the ACT. This article describes that school's recent experience with "Smart Boards" - an interactive computer display which allows the teacher to work through and navigate various software and the Internet from the .
If you are an unfamiliar visitor to an organization engaged in international development assistance and unsure of the reception you will receive, there is a surefire way to win over your hosts: tell them you believe that four key principles are crucial for development—accountability, transparency, participation, and .