Based on a dialectical materialist account of history, Marxism posited that capitalismlike previous socioeconomic systems, would inevitably produce internal tensions leading to its own destruction. Marx ushered in radical change, advocating proletarian revolution and freedom from the ruling classes. At the same time, Karl Marx was aware that most of the people living in capitalist societies did not see how the system shaped the entire operation of society.
DurkheimKarl MarxMax WeberStructural FunctionalismSymbolic Interaction ismThe Conflict Theory Functionalism versus the Conflict Theory versus Symbolic Interactionism Functionalism, the conflict theory and symbolic interactionism are three distinct and common sociological perspectives that share differences and similarities due to the methods in which they evaluate society.
Several sociologists, including Durkheim, Karl Marx and Max Weber, contributed to these extensive, diverse theories. Functionalism, the conflict theory and symbolic interactionism is the study of functions, social inequality and symbolic meanings, respectively.
Theory Origin Many helped formulate and grow the functionalist, conflict and symbolic interactionism theories. Robert Merton and Emile Durkheim elaborated functionalism.
The structural-functionalism perspective views society as a combination of institutions, or functions, to equate societal stability and harmony, which Durkheim theorized. Additionally, functionalists believe that these functions rely on each other, and when one function changes, the others do as well.
Merton supported that functions can be of different types, such as dysfunctional or latent. On the other hand, only one man, Karl Marx, is popular for developing the conflict theory, a perspective that emphasizes inequality Mustapha.
Furthermore, he evaluated that the bourgeoisie capitalists execute widespread power by harboring numerous resources and manipulating individuals with institutions, such as religion. This leaves the proletariat workers with alienation, oppression and a potential motive to overthrow the capitalists and establish a classless society.
Lastly, sociologists Max Weber and George Herbert Mead influenced symbolic interactionism, an idea that is stemmed from symbols. Conversely, though, functionalism assumes that institutions automatically alter themselves to create stability, whereas the conflict theory notes that institutions, like religion, are used by the capitalists to manipulate others.
Despite this difference, both theories are evidently successful in grouping individuals together, by class or symbols. Personal Opinion I appreciate functionalism the most and disapprove some aspects of the other theories.
I believe that functionalism explains sociology the best among all three theories because it technically regards sociology as a natural science itself that is based on positivism. In addition, it explains sociology most widely, whereas the other two theories are more limited to individuals and socio-economic classes, respectively.
Also, I believe the conflict theory is not well developed and symbolic interactionism, a micro-sociological study, cannot observe wider societal situations.
Overall, all three theories gave influential contribution to sociology. Functionalism observes functions, which exist for social stability. The conflict theory garners most individuals into two classes that stimulate inequality.
Symbolic interactionism concentrates on individuals who assign, share and agree on symbolic meanings and mannerisms. Works Cited Mustapha, Nasser.Whereas American sociologists in the s and s generally ignored the conflict perspective in favor of the functionalist, the tumultuous s saw American sociologists gain considerable interest in .
Structural functionalism, or simply functionalism, Marxism which was revived soon after the emergence of conflict theory, criticized professional sociology (functionalism and conflict theory alike) for being partisan to advanced welfare capitalism. The functionalist perspective, also called functionalism, is one of the major theoretical perspectives in sociology.
It has its origins in the works of Emile Durkheim, who was especially interested in how social order is possible or how society remains relatively monstermanfilm.com such, it is a theory that focuses on the macro-level of social structure, rather than the micro-level of everyday life.
Functionalism vs Conflict Theory Essay Sample. The theory of functionalism and conflict theory differ in several ways. They focus on different values, assume different things about society and differ in their explanations of power.
Jan 03, · Functionalism, the conflict theory and symbolic interactionism is the study of functions, social inequality and symbolic meanings, respectively. Theory Origin Many helped formulate and grow the functionalist, conflict and symbolic interactionism theories.
the effort to build a comprehensive theory of stratification is best advanced by viewing those effects of technological change on educational requirements that are substantiated within the basic context of a conflict theory of stratification.