Chinese writing and literature

The Chinese writing system is non-alphabetic. It applies a specific character to write each meaningful syllable or each nonmeaningful syllabic that is part of a polysyllabic word.

Chinese writing and literature

It was written to show how Classical Chinese has become an impractical language for speakers of modern Chinese because Classical Chinese when spoken aloud is largely incomprehensible.

chinese writing and literature

However the poem is perfectly comprehensible when read silently because Literary Chinese, by its very nature as a written language using a logographic writing system, can often get away with using homophones that even in spoken Old Chinese would not have been distinguishable in any way.

However, such homophones are far more common in Literary Chinese than in English. However none of these systems has seen extensive use. Classical Chinese grammar Classical Chinese is distinguished from written vernacular Chinese in its style, which appears extremely concise and compact to modern Chinese speakers, and to some extent in the use of different lexical items vocabulary.

An essay in Classical Chinese, for example, might use half as many Chinese characters as in vernacular Chinese to relate the same content. In terms of conciseness and compactness, Classical Chinese rarely uses words composed of two Chinese characters; nearly all words are of one syllable only.

This stands directly in contrast with modern Northern Chinese varieties including Mandarin, in which two-syllable, three-syllable, and four-syllable words are extremely common, whilst although two-syllable words are also quite common within modern Southern Chinese varieties, they are still more archaic in that they use more one-syllable words than Northern Chinese varieties.

This phenomenon exists, in part, because polysyllabic words evolved in Chinese to disambiguate homophones that result from sound changes. This is similar to such phenomena in English as the pen—pin merger of chinese writing and literature dialects in the American south and the caught-cot merger of most dialects of American English: Because Classical Chinese is based on the literary examples of ancient Chinese literature, it has almost none of the two-syllable words present in modern Chinese varieties.

Classical Chinese has more pronouns compared to the modern vernacular. In syntaxClassical Chinese is always ready to drop subjects and objects when a reference to them is understood pragmatically inferable. Also, words are not restrictively categorized into parts of speech: Beyond grammar and vocabulary differences, Classical Chinese can be distinguished by literary and cultural differences: There are some grammar notes on it, which were to help Japanese speakers better understand it.

Classical Chinese was the main form used in Chinese literary works until the May Fourth Movementand was also used extensively in Japan, Korea, and Vietnam.

chinese writing and literature

Classical Chinese was used to write the Hunmin Jeongeum proclamation in which the modern Korean alphabet hangul was promulgated and the essay by Hu Shi in which he argued against using Classical Chinese and in favor of written vernacular Chinese. The latter parallels the essay written by Dante in Latin in which he expounded the virtues of the vernacular Italian.

Most government documents in the Republic of China were written in Classical Chinese until reforms in the s, in a reform movement spearheaded by President Yen Chia-kan to shift the written style to vernacular Chinese. Buddhist texts, or sutrasare still preserved in Classical Chinese from the time they were composed or translated from Sanskrit sources.

In practice there is a socially accepted continuum between vernacular Chinese and Classical Chinese.

Chinese literature | Article about Chinese literature by The Free Dictionary

For example, most official notices and formal letters are written with a number of stock Classical Chinese expressions e. Personal letters, on the other hand, are mostly written in vernacular, but with some Classical phrases, depending on the subject matter, the writer's level of education, etc.

With the exception of professional scholars and enthusiasts, most people today cannot write in full Classical Chinese with ease. Most Chinese people with at least a middle school education are able to read basic Classical Chinese, because the ability to read but not write Classical Chinese is part of the Chinese middle school and high school curricula and is part of the college entrance examination.

Classical Chinese is taught primarily by presenting a classical Chinese work and including a vernacular gloss that explains the meaning of phrases.

Tests on classical Chinese usually ask the student to express the meaning of a paragraph in vernacular Chinese, using multiple choice. They often take the form of comprehension questions. The contemporary use of Classical Chinese in Japan is mainly in the field of education and the study of literature.

Chinese writing | monstermanfilm.com

Learning the Japanese way of decoding Classical Chinese is part of the high school curriculum in Japan. The use of Classical Chinese in these regions is limited and is mainly in the field of Classical studies. In addition, many works of literature in Classical Chinese such as Tang poetry have been major cultural influences.

However, even with knowledge of grammar and vocabulary, Classical Chinese can be difficult to understand by native speakers of modern Chinese, because of its heavy use of literary references and allusions as well as its extremely abbreviated style.Chinese literature, the body of works written in Chinese, including lyric poetry, historical and didactic writing, drama, and various forms of fiction.

Chinese literature is one of the major literary heritages of the world, with an uninterrupted history of more than 3, . Ancient Chinese writing evolved from the practice of divination during the Shang Dynasty ( BCE).

Some theories suggest that images and markings on pottery shards found at Ban Po Village are evidence of an early writing system but this claim has been challenged repeatedly.

Ban Po was. Chinese literature, the literature of ancient and modern China.

Shang Dynasty (about 1700-1050 BC) — Development of Chinese Writing

Early Writing and Literature. It is not known when the current system of writing Chinese first developed. The oldes.

Classical Chinese, also known as Literary Chinese, is the language of the classic literature from the end of the Spring and Autumn period through to the end of the Han Dynasty, a written form of Old monstermanfilm.comcal Chinese is a traditional style of written Chinese that evolved from the classical language, making it different from any modern spoken form of Chinese.

Classical Chinese, also known as Literary Chinese, is the language of the classic literature from the end of the Spring and Autumn period through to the end of the Han Dynasty, a written form of Old monstermanfilm.comcal Chinese is a traditional style of written Chinese that evolved from the classical language, making it different from any modern spoken form of Chinese.

Pathlight: New Chinese Writing Pathlight is a new English-language literary magazine produced by Paper Republic and People's Literature Magazine (《人民文学》杂志社).

Pathlight aims to introduce the best new writing and poetry from China, with occasional detours.

Classical Chinese - Wikipedia