An analysis of the response of united states

Summary Analysis Afterwomen could vote alongside men.

An analysis of the response of united states

Summary Analysis At the end of the 15th century, in a place later known as the Bahamas, Arawak men and women emerged from their villages to watch as Christopher Columbus and his sailors came ashore.

He had intended to sail to Asia; he was lucky that he found North America in the middle of his voyage, since, otherwise, he and his crew would have starved. Zinn tells this story from the perspective of the Arawak, noting how Columbus, from his first days in the Bahamas, aimed to subjugate the Arawak.

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The tone and structure of this opening passage suggests that this book will study familiar historical events from an unfamiliar perspective: Instead, he kidnapped more Indians, many of whom died on the voyage back to Europe. In Haiti, he enslaved entire tribes, ordering them to search for gold or be killed.

In just two years, Columbus killed nearly half the population of Haiti. Las Casas further claimed that settlers in the New World tortured the natives, putting them to work in horrific mines.

His goal was simple: However, Zinn brings up de las Casas, suggesting that, even in the s, some Europeans regarded Columbus as a murderer and a thief. Most school textbooks paint Columbus as a hero, and either ignore his genocidal crimes altogether or mention them very briefly.

By definition, all historians have to make calculations about what parts of history to emphasize and what parts to ignore. As a result, ordinary people may come to accept violence as basic parts of history, and, perhaps, of the present, too.

An analysis of the response of united states

He creates a clear imperative for his project, suggesting that he has a moral duty to tell a version of history that holds people like Columbus accountable for their genocidal crimes. Otherwise, he and other historians would be implicitly accepting murder and violence.

Active Themes Too many historians treat American history as a list of heroic, larger-than-life people: Columbus, the Founding Fathers, the presidents, etc. Furthermore, many historians treat history as if all Americans—people of all ages, races, classes, and religions—have the same interests and priorities because they are American.

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America is not one community: Zinn quotes the writer Albert Camus: Zinn will try to tell American history from the perspective of persecuted people—the people whose stories have often been ignored and whose lives have often been very difficult. Zinn sees it as the duty of the historian not simply to relay what happened, but to remedy the marginalization that persecuted people have experienced, both in history and in history books.

Even though he admits that the persecuted can be cruel to one another, Zinn will focus, by and large, on the commonalities and alliances between the persecuted, rather than their differences.

In Peru, another Spanish explorer, Francisco Pizarro, used similar tactics to conquer the Inca civilization. Using the gold that explorers stole, European nation-states were able to finance a new form of society: The growth of the Western industrialized world was intimately tied to the persecution of indigenous peoples in the New World—and, for that matter, to people in other undeveloped parts of the world, especially Africa, Asia, and South America.

Active Themes 17th-century English settlers colonized Virginia, warring with Indian tribes. English soldiers attacked Indian settlements, killing women and children. In response, Indians massacred English men, women, and children. In response, the English decided to wipe out the Indians altogether.

The words of Chief Powhatan, who led his people against the English in the early s, still resonate: Significantly, he includes quotes from Native Americans, rather than from the familiar European heroes found in high school textbooks. The Pilgrims lived in an uneasy truce with the Indians, but they seemed to be waiting for an excuse to fight.

Inthe New Englanders won, having slaughtered some three thousand Indians. By the next century, the total Indian population in North America had fallen from around ten million to less than a million. Many Indians died from diseases spread by European settlers, such as smallpox.

Why did the English settlers slaughter the Indians? The New Englanders were willing to kill anyone who obstructed their sovereign right to property and land. In New England, the wealthiest citizens wanted a war on the Wampanoag, since they stood to gain significant property and land.

Indeed, Zinn posits that the desire for more property motivated the early colonists in New England to resort to violence to conquer more territory.The evidence that immigrants tend not to be criminals is overwhelming.

To begin with, there is an inverse relationship between crime and immigration.

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